The occupational safety and health status of the workforce are influenced by numerous variables; not least its changing analytical structure, the advancement of new technologies, and a decline in the importance of economic sectors that initially dominated, such as industry and mining. This is bringing about a transition not only in the number of jobs in every sector but also in the categories of jobs that are accessible. The workforce age profile is changing. New technologies are creating a new league of employment.
Globalization implies that health threats that were once distant easily spread around the world in a short span. If these preserve the health of its workforce and manage its economic strength and its competitiveness, it needs to meet such challenges proactively. This Outlook provides an overview of the present and future patterns that are relevant to occupational health, the major workplace risks, and their prevention.